Significance of Turban in India
Turbans have been part of India for centuries. Although the face of the country has completely changed fashion wise, the turban or the ‘Pagri’ still thrives to hold the flavour of Indian philosophy and its robust tradition. Sikhism also promotes turban heartily. Since majority of Sikh population is found in India, we have embraced the Dastaar, as the Sikh turban is known to be, an important cultural connotation. Turbans were more frequently used by the commoners to deal with scorching heat from the sun during their day out. The layers of 5 m long cloth helped to soothe away tension and relieve stress.
Significance of Turban in history
While Dastaar was/is regarded as the symbol of dedication, self-respect, sovereignty, courage and piety, Paakh Pagdi reveals different elements of our Hindu principles. Ancient people considered the Pagdi to promote an individual’s background such as his cast and creed and town or region. During a certain ruling era turban was exchanged in order to save lives or properties. It was symbolised as valour, pride and honour during wars.
The pagdi also played an essential role in determining a person’s cultural roots from the way it was tied. The significance was so deep that it was held as an item for mortgage during economic crises. Today, though the turban does not have so many quintessential aspects, we still do safeguard our ancient norms by wearing it.
Turban tying differs from region to region, the most favoured styles being that of Rajasthan’s and Punjab’s. However, nowadays to save time and to attain perfection, these are found readymade in shops. Pagdis come in different colours, shapes and sizes and meant for different occasions.
Turban Styles in India
Sikh/ Punjabi Dastaar: Punjabis usually wear turbans as part of Sikhism practice but the people who join the ‘Khalsa Panth’ are prohibited to cut their hair as well as beard and most certainly wear the turban or the Pagh lifelong.
Mysori Peta:Here, it is known as The Mysori Peta, a little stiff turban unlike the cloth version of Dastar. The Peta is popular in Mysore and Kodagu district and the royals used to greet VIPs by presenting one of these. The traditional Peta, which the Wodeyars wore, depicted pride and is made of raw silk and gold jari.
Rajasthani Safa: The safa is widely acknowledged in Rajasthan which still holds the Mughal values with its forts and minars. However, each district of Rajasthan has its unique way of tying the Safa where in most parts the size reflects the position and ranking of the person in the society.
Islamic Immah: In Islamic religion, turban or the Immah is part of their custom, though they prefer to drape it during occasions such as marriages or while attending an eminent person. Immah is compulsory during prayer hours and a major accessory for the Scholar.
Groom Safa: The turban plays a very significant role in weddings. The Groom Safa is the part of a groom’s clothing package in Northern India. The Sehra decoration, where the turban is ornamented with strings of flowers is considered an auspicious ceremony and is celebrated in a grand manner. The sehra is taken off only after the wedding ritual is completed.